Home Studio Beginners Guide

Setting Up a Home Recording Studio As a Musician; Basic Gears and Gadgets

Written by Papa Udeme

The idea of setting up a home studio can be one of the most exciting ideas for a musician. But, as exciting and inspiring as this might seem, it can also be quite daunting. Thinking of what gadgets and gears to get first, the brands and models, and even the functions and importance of each can be a little intimidating and to some extent discouraging. Setting up a home recording studio as a musician should be as fun as actually making music. It should be a learning and inspiring process regardless of whatever. This guide will try as much as possible to demystify and simplify the entire process of setting up a home recording studio. We will talk about the basic gears you will need to get things rolling in your bedroom, basement, or garage.

Get A Computer

This is very easy to figure out; in today’s world of digital recording, a computer remains one of the most important tools. This by far will be the most important gear and in my opinion, you should spend as much as you can afford on this. In a home recording studio, the computer is more or less the powerhouse and the ‘heavy-weight lifter’ in the chain of things. This is where everything eventually ends up. Generally, you can go for a MacBook, PC, laptop, or desktop. Discussing this in detail will be beyond the concept of this article.

Recommendation: Apple iMac MK482LL/A 27 or ASUS ROG Strix GL702VS


It’s Time to Get Your DAW (Software)

Alright, after getting your computer, the next thing to put you on the track of having a home recording studio is your DAW. Your computer won’t just create music by itself, however top-notch the spec is. DAWs are computer programs that enable you to create music using the computer. DAW is an abbreviation for Digital Audio Workstation. There are a lot of them but the most popular ones are LogicPro, Cubase, Fruity Loops (FL Studio), Reason, Sonar, and Protools.

Recommendations: Fruity Loops or LogicPro

Get an Audio Interface (Sound Card)

This is one other very important gear in the chain of gears. I like describing the audio interface as the middleman who understands the language of the computer and the language of transducers and musical instruments. This is where you plug your microphone, studio monitors, musical instruments, and even computer into. Without the audio interface, you can't make any decent recording into your computer. It is more like the central nervous system of your studio. The subject of Audio Interface is huge and we can't possibly cover all of it in this article.

Recommendations: Focusrite Scarlet 2i2 and Universal Audio Apollo Twin X DUO

Input and Output Transducers; Microphones, Studio Monitors and Headphones

A transducer is any device that converts energy from one form to another. In the studio, we have both input and output transducers. The microphone is an input transducer because it takes in sound energy and converts it to electrical energy. Studio monitors and headphones are output transducers because they do the opposite of what a microphone does, which is to convert electrical energy to sound energy. This is a huge topic in audio production but I will try to simplify it for the sake of this article. Although they are different kinds of microphones, I will suggest you get a switchable polar pattern condenser mic for a start.

Microphone Recommendations: Rode NT2A Multi-Pattern Microphone or Neumann U87

Studio Monitor Recommendations: KRK Rokit 5 G4 or Adam Audio A7×7"


After getting the above, you will need to seal up everything by getting a midi controller, cables, stands, pop filters, acoustic treatment, and maybe some training. This article is more like a summary of everything. You must understand that every heading in this article is a huge topic in the field of audio production and studio recording. You will still need to do some more research. This is just to give you a head start.

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